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2012考研英语复习之语法精要木

2019-01-09 12:20:38

  2012考研英语复习之语法精要

  不定式

  1.不定式做主语

  (1)做形式主语的代电池充电器词:

  不定式做主语,通常用it充当形式主语,把做主语的不定式短语后置。如:

  Ittookmeonlyfiveminutestofinishthejob.

  Tobefrank,itisagreatrelieftohavethetaskfulfilledinsoshortatime.

  (2)引导逻辑主语的介词:

  不定式的逻辑主语一般由介词for引导,但下列表示人的性格一点点捂也会热行为特征的形容词做表我愕然无语语时,不定式的逻辑主语则由of引导:

  absurd,bold,brave,courageous,careful,careless,clever,wise,foolish,silly,stupid,good,nice,kind,thoughtful,considerate,gree先要使自己百分百的值得他爱dy,generous,honest,modest,polite,rude,cruel,selfish,lazy,wicked,wrong.如:

  Expertssaywalkingisoneofthebestwaysforapersontostayhealthy.

  Itscleverofyoutohaveinventedsuchadevice.

  (3)不定式做主语补足语:

  掌握常用不定式做主语补足语的句型。注意不定式表示的动作发生的时间,并采用相应形式。如:

  said

  reported

  thought

  betodosth.

  believed

  known

  supposed

  Byronissaidtohavelivedonvinegarandpotatoes.

  Thebankisreportedinthelocalnewspapertohavebeenrobbedinbroaddaylightyesterday.

  2.不定式做宾语

  (1)必须接不定式做宾语的动词:

  掌握要求接不定式做宾语的动词:

  agree,afford,aim,arrange,appear,ask,attempt,choose,claim,decide,desire,determine,expect,fail,guarantee

2012考研英语复习之语法精要木

,hope,endeavor,intend,long,mean,manage,offer,ought,plan,pledge,pretend,prepare,promise,proceed,prove,resolve,refuse,request,swear,tend,try,venture,wait,wish.如:

  Eventhoughthechildrenpretendedtobeasleep,thenurseswerenotdeceivedwhentheycameintotheroom.

  注意:

  1)有的动词要求特殊疑问词+不定式做宾语,这类动词有:

  consider,discover,explain,forget,guess,know,learn,observe,remember,see,tell,understand,wonder,如:

  Whilestillayoungboy,Bizetknewhowtoplaythepianowellandashegrewolder,hewroteoperas,themostfamousofwhichisCarmen.

  2)如果该特殊疑问词在不定式中做介词宾语,介词往往置于该特殊疑问词的前面。如:

  Theprofessorcanhardlyfindsufficientgroundsonwhichtobasehisargum激光整平机价格entinfavorofthenewtheory.

  Withoutfacts,wecannotformworthwhileopinionforweneedtohavefactualknowledgeuponwhichtobaseourthinking.

  (2)可以用不定式做宾语补足语(复合宾语)的动词:

  下列动词可以用不定式做宾语补足语(复合宾语):

  advise,allow,ask,beg,cause,command,compel,enable,determine,encourage,expect,feel,find,force,hate,have,hear,help,inform,invite,let,like,make,mean,need,notice,notify,oblige,order,permit,persuade,remind,request,require,see,send,teach,tell,tempt,trouble,urge,want,wa灌溉设备rn,watch,wish.

  注意:画线动词后面的不定式不带to.

  如:

  Becauseoftherecentaccidents,ourparentsforbidmybrotherandmetoswimintheriverunlesssomeoneagreestowatchoverus.

  相关热词:考研英语英语复习精要

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